Sales Tax Regulations
Please Note: This page is under construction. More information will be added as it becomes available.
A United States Supreme Court decision, South Dakota versus Wayfair, Inc., allows local taxing jurisdictions to require remote businesses (without a physical presence in Texas) to collect local sales or use taxes on items that are delivered to their jurisdiction. The Texas legislature passed two bills in the last session to deal with this issue. Now, the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts has recommended policies that would substantially negatively impact Coppell and many other communities.
Currently, if someone orders items from one of the many warehouses or fulfillment centers in Coppell, the City receives the sales tax generated by the sale. Under the Comptroller's proposed rules, even though the sale is made in Coppell, the sales tax would be designated for the city in Texas where the product is delivered. Remember, Coppell, and other cities like Coppell, provide all the public services required for these warehouse operations, including police, fire protection, streets, and utilities.
The City of Coppell believes this is a radical change, not envisioned by the Texas Legislature when they passed these two bills, that would have a significant negative impact on Coppell and many other Texas cities. This approach would disrupt decades of established local sales tax sourcing rules. Coppell and other cities are asking the Comptroller of Public Accounts to reconsider the current proposed rules and, if necessary, may be forced to take legal action if these issues cannot be resolved.
The City of Coppell is committed to serving the community and will continue to do so.
While many things may change, the City of Coppell mission remains the same. Our purpose is to provide for the health, safety, and quality of life for our citizens, and in doing so, provide a foundation for building a better community.
How the City is Approaching the Issue
The Council and City Manager are taking a two-pronged approach to this issue.
One step is to work with other cities, retain legal counsel, work with legislators and attempt to see if the proposed comptroller's rule can be delayed, modified or rescinded. The Council has authorized the hiring of experts to assist with this issue, and the Mayor and City Manager have gone to Austin to testify on behalf of the City. Litigation is another possibility.
The second step being taken by city staff is to begin a review of the budget to determine how to best maintain a high level of City services, continue to operate in a conservative and responsible fiscal manner while taking into account the possibility of a substantial reduction in sales tax revenue.
Staff has put in place a three-step analysis to best determine how to meet this objective:
- Find opportunities to increase revenue from other sources, such as user fees, with the goal of increasing potential income while keeping fees at the middle of the market for similar services.
- Adjust the timing of city purchases and projects to reduce yearly expenditures but continue to provide needed services by stretching out implementation and the time period utilized to pay for projects.
- Adjust service levels where appropriate. Utilize data to determine whether there are opportunities to reduce expenses.
The City Manager has already instituted a hiring freeze on vacant positions in order to begin reducing costs.
The City of Coppell estimates a 60% reduction in sales tax collection in the General Fund, an approximately $12 million loss. It appears that the rule will go into effect with the start of the fiscal year beginning October 2020. In total, the fiscal impact is estimated to be approximately $24 million. This includes the fiscal impacts to the:
- Coppell Recreation and Development Corporation
- Crime Control and Prevention District
- General Fund
- Streets Sales Tax Infrastructure Maintenance Fund